A new electrocatalytic reactor developed by the researchers at Rice University uses carbon dioxide as its live feedstock and converts it to highly purified and concentrated formic acid. The reactor recycles greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide and turns them into the most effective and purest form of fuel using electricity.
This is an efficient, profitable, and environmentally friendly way to reuse the greenhouse gas with an electrolyzer which uses renewable source of electricity to produce liquid fuels and keep it out of the atmosphere. The formic acid produced using traditional methods, require sophisticated devices for an intense purification process. But this new device focuses on the direct production of acid and will promote carbon dioxide conversion technologies.
Recent tests conducted on the new apparatus can conserve up to 42% of energy when compared to the traditional method, where half of the energy which is conserved can be stored in formic acid as a liquid fuel. Formic acid is a robust electric carrier and can be used in fuel-cells which are used to generate electricity and emit carbon dioxide which can be recycled again.
This new breakthrough by researchers from Rice University will help to reduce the pollution which is caused by greenhouse gas, and also prevent global warming. The researchers now are mainly focusing on using renewable sources like the sun or wind to generate reactors that turn carbon dioxide into pure liquid fuel.