How to test a website: A short guide

How to test a website: A short guide
The Siliconreview
13 March, 2020

People are spending more and more time on the internet today. The website ecosystem is enormous and it keeps growing steadily. According to Statista, there were 238 million websites in 2009, 969 million in 2014 and more than 1 700 million websites in 2019 online globally. With such a level of competition, launching a successful site seems to be challenging.

Obviously, the main goal of every website owner is happy visitors, meaning the site works perfectly. This is the exact reason why you need testers who will check your website for any flaws, including poor user experiences. The next question is how to test a website the right way? Here's the list of the important testing techniques that will help you win a myriad of customers online.

Website functionality testing

One of the most important aspects of website QA testing is functionality. Each page of your site must work properly, regardless of the operating system or the device a visitor use. Functional tests also show whether all functions of the site work in accordance with the established requirements. The functionality testing, in particular, includes links testing, website forms testing, cookies testing and HTML/CSS check.

Usability testing

Is it convenient for users to interact with your website? You can learn that through usability testing easily. These tests help to verify the efficiency of every attribute on the site the visitors use, such as menus, navigation bars, images, videos, text content, buttons, forms, links, and so on. Usability testing reveals whether the website pages, buttons, fields are easy to use, whether there are any types of errors and is your content well-structured, informative and logically linked.

UI testing

UI tests show whether the graphical user interface contains the required functionalities and whether all specifications are met. With UI tests, you also check the design elements such as layout, colors, fonts, font sizes, labels, text fields, text formatting, labels, buttons, lists, symbols, links, and the associated content. While performing the UI tests it is necessary to test the website on different types of devices, different screen resolutions as well as to check the accuracy of UI elements on localized versions. UI test processes can include both automated website testing and manual website testing procedures.

Compatibility testing

With the help of compatibility tests you can assure that your website works well on every operating system (Linux, iOS/Mac OS, Windows, Android, etc.), every browser (Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Opera, Internet Explorer, etc.) and every database (MySql, Oracle, DB2, etc.). Compatibility tests also help measure the mobile-friendliness of your website. This includes (but not limited to) such criteria as simple navigation, fast loading time, convenient buttons, the right image size, readable content, easy to find contact forms, etc.

Performance testing

The term "performance testing" is basically used to summarize any type of software test that verifies the site responsiveness, scalability, stability, reliability, and speed under different circumstances. There are several types of performance tests including stress tests (to check how the site works beyond the limits of its expected workload), load tests (how the site works when the workload increases), stability tests (to check the ability of the site to work well over a long period of time), volume tests (to check the site behavior when the data volume increases), load speed testing, concurrency tests (to identify what happens when multiple visitors are active on your website).

Security testing

The security of your site counts for a lot. If third parties get access to your data it may lead to site failures, sales losses and what is even more important - to the loss of trust. In order to prevent such scenario security tests are performed (in particular penetration and vulnerability testing). Those tests are aimed at ensuring that: the access to the data by an unauthorized individual is impossible, the inactive sessions are killed, SSL security functions well, captcha works correctly, restricted files cannot be downloaded without permission, and no one can log into your site with the wrong username or password.

Beta testing

Before the big launch, it is always better to test your website in a real-world environment. With real users being involved, beta testing helps you to get many useful insights, eliminate the bugs and improve your website significantly.

About TestFort

TestFort is an outsourcing company dedicated to providing manual and automated testing services to startups, SMBs, and enterprise clients. Over the past 19 years we have completed over 300+ projects for clients from more than 40 countries. If you understand the value of thorough testing and need a reliable team for short-term work or long-term partnerships — get in touch!