The America Congress has now embraced new laws to boost AI and cloud research. The National Artificial Intelligence Initiative Act (NAIIA) of 2020, which became law last week, aims to bolster AI activities at more than a dozen agencies. Its directives include a study of how to create a national research cloud that would build on CloudBank. It also called for expanding a network of research institutes launched last summer and made a White House AI office and an advisory committee to monitor those efforts.
Cloud computing could also boost AI because it enables researchers to compile and analyze the huge data sets required to train AI algorithms. It, too, gets a big shout out in the new law, which directs the NSF director and the president's science adviser to assemble a 12-member task force to study a National Research Resource (NRR).
With the National Science Foundation's support, including an NSF-funded effort called CloudBank that subsidizes access to commercial cloud services while protecting their privacy. Applying AI algorithms to large data sets helps to identify ways to eliminate transit bottlenecks and improve service.