The scientists and students from the University of Toronto (UoT) have discovered the toughest two-dimensional (2D) material Graphene which is an allotrope of carbon. The students of UoT during their fatigue study on Graphene and Graphene oxide have demonstrated high tolerance to fatigue as the material only shattered after over a billion cycles of intense poking.
Graphene is also one of the strongest materials. Now the scientists have discovered that it is 100 times tougher than the durable steel. Graphene is also capable of snatching carbon-containing molecules that are present in the environment to repair their holes in its crystal lattice surface. Due to many of its outstanding properties, researchers across the globe are developing Graphene-based products for varieties of applications such as biomedical, electronics, photovoltaic, batteries, and aerospace fabrication.
The researchers have also found out that the fatigue is caused due to monolayer and also because of the carbon-carbon bond reconfiguration near the site of impact during the billion cycles of stress loading. The researchers hope that their study will be the base for further understanding of Graphene and related materials so that other researchers will have foundation knowledge about the material before testing those products.